Human Skin And Its Disorders


Here, you will explore the types of skin disorders, examining their diverse types, characteristics, causes, and potential treatments. This exploration aims to deepen understanding and facilitate effective management of skin-related conditions.


What is the Human Skin?

The outer covering of the Human Body is called the Skin. It is also the second largest organ of the body, covering about 2.0 square feet. Human skin contains seven layers of ectodermal tissue and works as a guard for the muscles, bones, ligaments, and other internal organs. Human skin also shows similarities with other mammals and is very much like pig skin. Human skin tends to have hair follicles on it, but it can also appear hairless which is called the Glabrous Skin.

Skin plays a very important role in the immunity of the body and helps in protecting against pathogens. Other roles that are played by the skin are insulation, temperature regulation, sensation, synthesis of vitamin D, and protection of vitamin folates.


Structure of the Human Skin

Skin is the most exposed part of the human body which deals with the external environment. Exposed skin also absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation from sunlight due to the presence of cells like melanin. Also, it contains the enzymes which are responsible for DNA repairs and it helps in reversing the UV damage.

Human Skin Texture

Types of Skin Disorders

As we have already understood what Human Skin is and what are its key functions and components it is time to study the disorders related to it. If we categorize the types of skin disorders, it will be

  • Temporary Skin Disorder
  • Permanents Skin Disorder
  • Internal Skin Disorder


1. Temporary Skin Disorders 

These types of skin disorders are temporary and can be healed. Mainly these disorders are associated with age or hygiene habits.

  • Hives – Hives can be understood as the red raised bumps or welts on the skin. They originate from the normal layer of skin and it can be caused by some allergic reaction or from some illness.
  • Warts – Warts are also little bumps raised on the skin and the Human Papillomavirus or HPV causes it.
  • Acne – The most common skin condition that has spread in the world, acne can appear as little red pimples having pus or a large bump caused by an infection.


2. Permanent Skin Disorders 

As the name suggests, these disorders are permanent and cannot be healed completely. These disorders can appear from birth or at any point in life.

  • Moles – They appear on the skin due to the bunching of skin tissues. Moles are very common and can grow at any time on the skin.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis – Usually found in a baby’s skin, it appears reddish, swollen, and greasy. It is also called the Cradle Cap.
  • Lupus – It is one of the most complex disorders in the human body. Lupus affects the person’s immune system and can cause inflammation and pain.


3. Internal Disorders

As the name suggests, these disorders are caused by some infection. These types of disorders can be healed with proper medical treatments.

  • Carbuncle – They are the red, swollen cluster of boils appearing due to an infection. The cause of these boils is the infection at the root of the hair due to the deposition of pus.
  • Cellulitis – It is a bacterial infection that results in swallowing and redness. It feels painful and warm when touched. It normally affects the legs but can also appear on other parts of the body.


Apart from these, types of skin disorders can also vary in different age groups. We can categorize these disorders between Children and Adults.

In Children, we can see disorders like Hemangiomas which are small red bumps of scratches in infants. Measles is a viral illness and it appears as red and brown rashes. Impetigo is a contagious infection and it normally causes itchiness and blisters on the face and mouth.

In Adults, we can see disorders like Age spots which result in pigmented spots on the skin. Herpes is an infection caused by the reappearance of chickenpox. Seborrheic keratoses are the black or dark brown bumpy patches that appear.


Available Treatments

As we have seen types of skin disorders can vary very much, from temporary to permanent, and different in children and adults. No matter how disguised they are, it is important to get them diagnosed and treated. Today there are various treatments available with HighTech technology. There are many experienced dermatologists, in Pune and other cities who can guide you and help to get rid of your issues.


Home Remedies

Here are some remedies that we can find in our home that can be used on our skin. Milk, Honey, Besan, Turmeric, Lemon, Yoghurt, Cucumber etc. We should always be careful while using cosmetics because they can cause allergies. We need to understand that different seasons need different care, like the use of different products and types of clothes suitable for the season.

So, before wrapping it up, it is very important to be aware of the disorders and symptoms. If you find any of these disorders it is not wise to take them lightly, because they can turn nasty. Consult with a doctor and take proper medication.


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Krist S
Very eager to view the world in my own perspective.